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equality harness liberalism undermining rejected dictatorial distaste ideology originated feared market state ultimate accepted predicted classes

Communism in the Soviet Union industrialization but the capitalist economic system – as well as liberal democratic government – that had developed in Great Britain and the United States. Preaching an extreme form of , it created a planned economy geared to production for use to replace a economy geared to production for profit. Instead of a multi-party democratic system, it established a one-party controlled by the Communist Party and called the “dictatorship of the proletariat (i.e. workers)”. It believed that some day the state would “wither away” when a perfect “classless” society would be built as by Karl Marx. Until then there was one supreme leader. After 1924, that was Joseph Stalin. Great Britain and the United States looked with extreme disapproval at this new system.

Fascism, on the other hand, was an that reacted against the impact of industrialization on society. It sought to control or the new economic system towards a nationalist goal. For this reason, it was called a “reactionary” ideology. It in Italy under Benito Mussolini, but is perhaps best known for its German variety, Nazism (a contraction of “national socialism”). In contrast to , Nazism believed that the only worth an individual had was as a part of a greater whole – the “Nation”. In contrast to communism, it believed that people belonged to separate races, rather than . The Germanic race and nation was superior to all others. Nazism rejected liberal democracy. Instead, it believed in the “Leadership Principle” – that one and only one person should lead the nation as dictator, Adolf Hitler. Above all, Nazism hated and Russian communism, which it viewed as an international conspiracy aimed an the “German Nation” in league with the hated Jews. The liberal democracies of the Anglo-American world viewed such fascist regimes with, if possible, even greater and disapproval than they viewed the communists.
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Sist oppdatert: 23.06.2008

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